sacrifice(s)

An essential part of Israelite and Jewish life and culture, as in other religions with which anthropological study has made interesting comparison. They were devised primarily as a means for dealing with sin. Offences which needed expiation were not necessarily those committed deliberately; they all still required the appointed ‘guilt offering’ (Lev. 5:17–19). The animal sacrificed was killed as a substitute for the human transgressor who otherwise could have died. The offerer laid his hand on the head of the victim in order to identify himself with it (Lev. 1:4) and offer himself to God. Amos (5:21–7) and Isaiah (1:10–20) repudiate the practice of sacrifices if taken as easy means of access to God without obedience to his will. Animals sacrificed had to be free from injury and visible defects; the blood was drained out and there ensued a loss of consciousness (Deut. 12:15 ff., Lev. 17:14) after about two minutes.
The NT adopts the sacrificial principle in order to explain the death of Christ; he died to atone for our sins (1 Cor. 15:3), by his blood (Rom. 3:25), and ‘for our trespasses’ (Rom. 4:25). Jesus' death is in Paul's mind when he writes that one man's act of righteousness leads to acquittal (Rom. 5:18). Jesus, who was without sin (2 Cor. 5:21; cf. Heb. 4:15), took the place of sinful human beings (2 Cor. 5:21; Rom. 8:3). Paul does not, however, labour the sacrificial metaphors, and prefers to base a Christian's relationship with God on his theory of participation in Christ by sharing sacramentally in his death and resurrection. He means that because Christ shares the universal human experience of death, it is possible for believers to share his death.

Dictionary of the Bible.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sacrifice — • This term is identical with the English offering (Latin offerre) and the German Opfer Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sacrifice     Sacrifice      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • SACRIFICE — Le sacrifice comporte deux pôles: d’un côté, on offre et, de l’autre, on se prive de ce que l’on offre. L’histoire des religions et l’ethnologie se préoccupent surtout du premier aspect; le sacrifice est étudié comme rite. Les moralistes… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sacrifice — (from a Middle English verb meaning to make sacred , from Old French, from Latin sacrificium : sacr , sacred + facere , to make ) is commonly known as the practice of offering food, objects (typically valuables), or the lives of animals or people …   Wikipedia

  • Sacrifice — Разработчик Shiny Entertainment Издатели Windows …   Википедия

  • sacrifice — Sacrifice. s. m. Action par laquelle on offre quelque chose à Dieu, avec certaines ceremonies, pour luy rendre un hommage souverain. Sacrifice solemnel. sacrifice propitiatoire, expiatoire. les sacrifices de l ancienne loy. faire un sacrifice.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Sacrifice — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda «Sacrifice» Sencillo de Elton John del álbum Sleeping with the Past Lado B « Love is a Cannibal (primer lanzamiento) Healing Hands (segundo lanzamiento)» …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sacrifice — Sac ri*fice (?; 277), n. [OE. sacrifise, sacrifice, F. sacrifice, fr. L. sacrificium; sacer sacred + facere to make. See {Sacred}, and {Fact}.] 1. The offering of anything to God, or to a god; consecratory rite. [1913 Webster] Great pomp, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sacrifice — Sacrifice, Sacrificium, Supplicium, Immolatio. Sacrifice et tout autre chose qu on fait ou qu on donne pour la satisfaction du peché, Piaculum. Sacrifices faits de bestes qui ruminent et remaschent, Hostiae ruminales. Faire sacrifice avec grande… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • sacrifice — [sak′rə fīs΄] n. [OFr < L sacrificium < sacer, SACRED + facere, to make, DO1] 1. a) the act of offering the life of a person or animal, or some object, in propitiation of or homage to a deity b) something so offered 2 …   English World dictionary

  • Sacrifice — Sac ri*fice (?; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sacrificed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Sacrificing}.] [From {Sacrifice}, n.: cf. F. sacrifier, L. sacrificare; sacer sacred, holy + ficare (only in comp.) to make. See { fy}.] 1. To make an offering of; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sacrifice — Entwickler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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